During the first semester, I was working hard as an Interactive Media student, and I decided to pave my way to data visualization as my career. In this case, professor Cairo recommended the D3.js course to me to further my understanding of infographics. With the help of D3.js, I could make some professional charts and maps on the website due to the various powerful D3.js.
An interesting topic strongly caught my eyes when I went through the New York Times’ website, “ The Age That Woman Have Babies“. The report not only says that women gradually have their first baby at a later age in 2016 compared with 1980, but also points out that the biggest factor of this situation is education, which indicates more potential energy in childhood educating. I am really curious about this topic. Becoming a mother is often seen as a unifying milestone for women in the world. I want to verify this conclusion to ensure if the age of the mother is really related to education with data from 2000 to 2017. If my result also coincides with theirs, education does become a big factor in the increase of the age that women have babies. And final project will become my test area to apply what I studied through this course. In this way, I decided to finalize my d3.JS final project topic as the age that women have babies.
For the study, I used public data from America’s Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and Simply Analytics through comparison the distribution of each state’s education issue and mean age of mother between 2000 and 2018 to answer the following questions.
1. How did the age of women who have their first baby in the United States change in these years?
2. Is there a correlation between education level and the change of the age of women who have their first baby?
I started my study with the creation of choropleth maps that shows the United States using the states zoning polygons. Theswe maps allowed me to visualize the distribution of the mean age of first-time mothers in the United States in 2000 and in 2017. I then added the csv file of the mean age of first-time mothers in each state. I created a choropleth map. Because I want to keep the consistency of the legends in the two maps, creating better data visualization between them, I created 9 manual breaks in the 2000 map then imported this legend into the 2017 map and used a blue color ramp.
Because I wanted to compare these two maps using the same evaluation criteria, I used the same legend, which represents the ages of women having their first babies, for these two maps. When the color is deeper, it means this area has a higher average age of first-time mothers. In this case, it’s obvious that more women have their babies at a later age when you look at the second map. The second map is full of deep blue, unlike the first mao with baby blue areas. I calculated the mean age of first-time mothers in 2017, which is 28.65, 4 years older than 24.65 in 2000. So there are more women in their early 30s having babies than younger mothers for the first time. And first-time mothers are older in big cities and on the coasts (eg. New York), and younger in rural areas and in the Great Plains and the South (eg.Oklahoma).